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CSS Shenandoah

Henry Mullineaux was born in England and dissatisfied with his life there, migrated to Melbourne, Victoria. He was residing in Melbourne when word came to him that the Confederate Cruiser, the “CSS Shenandoah” had entered Port Phillip Bay off Melbourne, on January 25, 1865, to take on new supplies before resuming her destruction of Union merchant ships on the high seas. He was also informed that its Captain was interested in acquiring new crewmembers; and Mullineaux was interested in possibly joining up. He made his way to the docks and by invitation went aboard the “Shenandoah”; on the night of February 17, 1865. Knowing he would be removed from the ship if found, because Victorian authorities, at the urging of the U.S. Consulate, had issued orders that absolutely no Australian was to go aboard the Confederate Cruiser, he enlisted the help of the crew and Mullineaux stayed hidden and out of sight until the ship had made its way out of Australian waters. Upon reaching international waters Mullineaux came out of hiding, along with many others, and by placing his mark beside his name on the ships log, on March 19, 1865, for a pay rate of  $26.30, he became a coal trimmer aboard the “CSS Shenandoah”, and a member of her crew. William A. Temple, however, incorrectly for what ever reason, recorded his name as ‘Joseph’ Mullineaux.

Mullineaux remained aboard the “Shenandoah” for the remainder of her voyage, disembarking with other crew members at Liverpool, England; after the “CSS Shenandoah” was officially surrendered by her Commander to British Captain Paynter, commanding her Majesty’s ship “Donegal,, in Liverpool, England; on November 6, 1865.


Alabama Claims, “Correspondence Concerning Claims Against Great Britain

   transmitted to the Senate of the United States in answer to the Resolutions of 

   December 4, and 10, 1867, and of May 27, 1868”, Washington; 18691, 975; CSS

Eleanor S. Brockenbrough Library, Museum of the Confederacy, Richmond, Virginia

Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion

William A. Temple, affidavit

History of The Confederate States Navy, J.T. Scarf, 1996

Marauders of the Sea, Confederate Merchant Raiders During the American Civil

     War, Mackenzie J Gregory

The Cruise of the Shenandoah, Captain William C. Whittle, CSN


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