Andrew Jackson Remshard was born on August
11, 1839, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Andrew enlisted in a
three month unit, Company K, 1st Pennsylvania
Reserve Light Artillery on April 24, 1861 and was discharged
July 31st of the same year.
The following month on August 17th,
he again enlisted as a private, into Captain C. Collis’s
Company of Independent Zouave d’Afrique Pennsylvania
Volunteers; for three years.
That company included many French
soldiers who had served as Zouaves in the campaigns of France
and who had been identified with the 18th Regiment.
It was recruited at Philadelphia by Charles
H. T. Collis, proposing to serve as a bodyguard to Major-Gen.
N. P. Banks.
The uniform adopted for soldiers was that of the
French Zouaves d'Afrique and was retained by the 114th
Regiment, to which it was latter attached, throughout the war.
That company was later reincorporated as
Company A, 114th
Pennsylvania Volunteers. The corps was mustered in
and was sent to Fort Delaware on August 17, 1861, where it was
thoroughly drilled in Zouave tactics. Late in September the
Zouaves reported to Gen. Banks, at Darnestown, Maryland and
after a period of guard duty went into winter quarters.
Andrew Remshard was
not with them when the reincorporation of the 114th
occurred however; he deserted at “Little Washington”, a quaint
little town nestled between the Blue Ridge Mountains and the
farmlands of the Shenandoah Valley, Virginia, in July 1862.
Remshard was not a
quitter though, for reasons of his own he immediately re-enlisted
under the assumed name of Andrew J. Clark; but into Company H, 1st
Pennsylvania Reserve Light Artillery Regiment. A different company,
but within his old regiment.
Battery, H was organized at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on August 5,
1861, and ordered to Washington, D.C. to aid in the Defences of
Washington until October, 1861. The
unit saw service in the advance on Manassas, Virginia on March
10-15, was ordered to the Virginia Peninsula, participated in the
Siege of Yorktown from April 5th through May 4th,
the Battle of Williamsburg on May 5th, the Battle of
Fair Oaks or Seven Pines from May 31st to June 1st,
at Bottom's Bridge on June 28 & 29, was at Harrison's Landing till
August 16th, moved to Yorktown, Virginia and duty there
until June, 1863, ordered back to Washington, D.C., arriving on July
1st and marched to Gettysburg from July 1st
through the 4th.
In Company H Remshard moved from the
rank of private to Corporal, then was promoted to Sergeant and
finally busted back to the rank of Private again. Once again
Remshard grew disillusioned and deserted, reported as absent on
August 31, 1864; being held in confinement at Fort Strong for
desertion. He remained there until a Presidential proclamation in
March 1865 returned him to his company. When Richmond, Virginia was
evacuated on April 3, 1865, Company H and Remshard was the first
battery to enter the city.
They ended up
with garrison duty at Fort Whipple until December and at Fort Marcy
till February 1865. Their last duty was outpost duty at Edward's
Ferry, Maryland until June. The last of the Company mustered out on
June 27, 1865. Remshard being mustered out on
June 25, 1865. At Philadelphia Pennsylvania, on November 13, 1865,
Remshard married Annie Drennen and made his home at Philadelphia,
After the war, Remshard turned up in
Australia, and from 1886 through 1889 operated a manufacturing
business in New South Wales producing “Remshard’s Electric
Arthiritis Oil” under the trademark of “Remshard’s Remedies”. His
manufacturing facilities, “Andrew Remshard & Company, Soap and Oil
Manufacturers”, were located on Botony Road in Waterloo, New South
Wales; with his family address being in nearby Sydney. While living
at Bondi, New South Wales Renshard appeared before U.S. Consul
Orlando H. Baker in Sydney, New South Wales, on August 23, 1904 and
applied for an invalid pension under application number 1164725, at
the age of 65. He did so under the name of Andrew Clark, explaining
in correspondence that he had previously applied for a pension, at
the age of 56, on February 18, 1895 while in San Francisco,
California; and was turned down.
He gave as reason for his wanting a
pension, that he had a partial disability, resulting from a kidney
problem. He sent additional papers to the Bureau of Pensions on
January 23, 1905, while still living in Bondi, and explained why he
felt he was eligible for a pension; having served successfully with
Company H and having mustered out with them. He also informed them
of his marriage in 1865 and explained that on his previous
application he had been unable to provide a marriage certificate, as
it would have identified him as Andrew Remshard; which of course had
deserted. He further informed them that he had three children; Annie
born February 15, 1867, Harry born March 20, 1869 and Marnie born
November 5, 1890. Eventually he was granted his pension.
Andrew Jackson Remshard died on March 19,
1907 and was buried in the Roman Catholic Section 18 of the
Waverley Cemetery, grave number 3033.
Annie Remshard Clark applied for and received a widow’s
pension until her death in 1935, when she was buried in the
same grave with her husband.
The name Remshard, however, lives on
today in the name of the business Andrew Jackson Remshard originally
began in 1886. Today it is known as “Remshard’s Remedies”; health
foods distributed by Remshard Distributors Pty. Ltd. from Liverpool
Street in Ingleburn, New South Wales.
Compendium of the War of the Rebellion Compiled and Arranged from
Records of the Federal and Confederate Armies”, Frederick H. Dyer
Civil War Zouave Database - John
Royle, Waverly, New South Wales
“History of the Pennsylvania
Volunteers, 1861-1864”, Samuel P. Bates
Pension Application Papers,
Philadelphia Birth Records,
“Register of the Members of the
Artillery Corps Washington Grays of
The City of Philadelphia Who
Served in the War of the Rebellion 1861-1865”, John O. Foering,
Philadelphia 1912. -
Reports of the Adjutant Generals - Sands Directory - The
U.S. Consul Dispatches - Waverly
Cemetery Records - Waverly Council